Zimbabwe (/zɪmˈbɑːbweɪ/ zim-bahb-way), officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers. It is bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the southwest, Zambia to the northwest and Mozambique to the east. The capital is Harare. Zimbabwe achieved de jure sovereignty from the United Kingdom in April 1980, following 14 years as an unrecognised state under the conservative white minority government of Rhodesia, whichunilaterally declared independence in 1965.
Zimbabwe has 16 official languages. English, Shona and Ndebele are the most widely spoken languages. The present territory was first demarcated by Cecil Rhodes of the British South Africa Company, becoming a self-governing colony as Southern Rhodesia in 1923. President Robert Mugabe is head of state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces; Morgan Tsvangirai is the serving Prime Minister. Once renowned across the continent as a champion for the anti-colonial cause, Mugabe is now viewed as a repressive authoritarian responsible for human rights abuses and severe economic decline. He has held office since Zimbabwe’s internationally recognised independence in 1980.